Cannabinoids are the active chemical compounds secreted by cannabis plant, that offer several therapeutic benefits. Two of the most general and popular cannabinoids are THC and CBD.” When hemp is consumed, cannabinoids act as an interface to receptor points, all over the brain and body. Different cannabinoids have their own multiple effects depending on the type of receptors they’re interacting with. Let’s take a look at these types of cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.

THC acts as an interface to the receptors in the brain, whereas CBD prefers receptors that are situated all over the body by aiming the right cannabinoid at the right receptors.

Therefore, these are the following six main types of cannabinoids:

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol)

THC is the most popular and abundant of all the cannabinoids so far. THC is a constituent existing in hemp, having a chemical composition and structure that makes you experience euphoria or a high.

  • It is strongly psychoactive.
  • It produces a very euphoric effect.
  • THC has been used to combat pain, nausea, sleep and stress disorders as well as appetite loss.
  • However, in the case of high dosages, it results in causing anxiety and paranoia.

CBD (Cannabidiol)

CBD is a cannabinoid that has made huge gains in recent years.  It doesn’t make you experience euphoria or a high, but it could affect your body in different medicinal ways.

  • It is non-psychoactive, allowing patients to remain clear-headed and focused.
  • CBD actually combats the psychoactivity of THC and produces a calming effect, helpful for those suffering from anxiety and sleep loss.
  • It also lowers blood sugar and demonstrates a promise for those fighting pain, multiple sclerosis, inflammation, stress disorders, sleep loss and epilepsy.

CBC (Cannabichromene)

Cannabichromene, also known as CBC is a cannabinoid that is synthesized from CVG in the plant.

  • It is a non- psychoactive cannabinoid.
  • It’s been found to have anti-inflammatory as well as analgesic properties.
  • Although, a little bit weaker than THC, it’s also been found to have antifungal effects and anti-bacterial effects in lab studies with rodents to have anti-tumor effects, meaning it kills cancer cells.
  • Researchers are looking at cannabinoids, in killing cancer cells. CBC is produced in the same chemical ways as THC.

CBN (Cannabinol)

It is a cannabinoid found in the cannabis which appears to result from a breakdown of THC.

  • It is considered as a breakdown product. It’s a little bit different from the other cannabinoids, and the fact is, it’s not naturally synthesized by the plant.
  • It’s more to be a breakdown or degradation product or a metabolite of THC.
  • CBN is psychoactive and it has the most sedative or calming effect of cannabis. CBN is actually what could make you sleepy.
  • CBN can be found in any hemp plant. It’s produced over time or with heat. So, older cannabis that’s been stored for a long time is going to have a high level of CPA.

CBG (Cannabigerol)

CBG is a cannabinoid that’s found in the cannabis plant that is actually, what we call the precursor to THC and CBD. It’s the first compound that’s made to have an enzymatic reaction.

  • CBG is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, typically most abundant in low-THC.
  • It definitely has a lot of medical potentials and is strongly anti-inflammatory.
  • It inhibits GABA. GABA is a neurotransmitter in your brain, and when GABA is inhibited, you actually have muscle-relaxation and you have an anti-anxiety effect.
  • It also appears to have antidepressant properties.
  • It has some modes to antifungal properties, and a lot is not known about the medicinal properties of CBG as it occurs in very small amounts.

So there you go, a breakdown of some common cannabinoids. All these types of cannabinoids offer huge medicinal and thereupatic benefits for us.

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